Sports socks may not seem as conspicuous as sports shoes but they are important parts of a sports attire. In fact, there is as much research and development efforts being invested in the making of socks as in shoes.
Such features as support, cushioning, durability, elasticity, moisture-wicking technology and anatomical design for different feet are all taken into account in the manufacture of sports socks. Aesthetics also plays a role as catchy designs and attractive colors also influence consumer behavior.
Baseball socks are tube socks that go all the way up to the kneecap. Because baseball involves a lot of sliding around in the dirt, baseball socks are designed to protect the shin. They are also designed to keep out dirt and mud while letting the feet breathe. This type of socks is commonly made of 90% polypropylene which is a lightweight and durable material.
Basketball socks can either be mid-calf or crew socks. And because basketball shoes are high-cut, crew socks are cut higher so as to protect the ankles from rubbing with the top of the shoes. Basketball socks are designed to absorb impact as well as reduce friction as players run around the court.
Football and Soccer Socks
Football socks go all the way to the knee and are designed to be lightweight, stretchy, breathable and durable. Extra cushioning is provided at the heels and toes to buffer the impact of frequent kicks. The colors are often determined by the team uniform. In some countries, soccer is used in place of football so that soccer and football socks are generally made the same.
Hockey players actually wear two socks-the inner liner and the outer protective socks. The inner socks are designed to keep the foot warm despite the ice and at the same time dry despite the sweat. The outer protective socks are knee-high and are worn over shin guards and knee guards. The usual material is rib-knit fabric which is very stretchy and durable.
Lacrosse socks go up to the kneecap and are typically worn in team colors. These socks often have moisture-managing mesh areas and compressive zones around the arches of the feet. Extra elasticity around the top to keep the socks from rolling down the calves is also a common feature.
Running socks usually do not have seams along the toes to keep the toes unharmed by long-distance running. They have moisture-wicking properties as well as extra support around the arches of the feet. Some running socks are even customized to fit the right and left foot differently.